China's intercourse with Korea from the XVth century to 1895 ... Dai Viet had been tributary since gaining independence from China in the 10th century. Japan lost control of Korea when it surrendered to the Allied Powers -- Great Britain, the Soviet Union and the United States -- in 1945. The subsequent exponential increase of opium in China between 1790 and 1832 brought about a … For later developments, see North Korea: History; and South Korea: History. South Korea’s declaration of independence in 1950 led North Korea, backed by China and the Soviet Union, to invade its neighbor in an effort to regain control of the entire peninsula. The National Liberation Day of Korea is a holiday celebrated annually on 15 August in both South and North Korea.It commemorates Victory over Japan Day, when at the end of World War II, the U.S. and Soviet forces helped end 35 years of Japanese occupation and colonial rule of Korea that lasted from 1910-1945. Korea, history of the Korean peninsula from prehistoric times to the 1953 armistice ending the Korean War (1950–53). North Korea gained its independence on Oct 3 1945 South Korea was founded on August 15, 1948. When World War I ended in November 1918, Korean émigrés in China and the United States scrambled to plead their case for Korean independence at the Paris Peace Conference that began in January 1919. Korea to c. 1400 The dawn of history. The victorious nations envisioned an independent post-war Korea. South Korea relies on its military alliance with the United States to counter the existential threat from North Korea, but does more trade with China … On Samil Day, several Korean nationalists declared Korea independent, however, the struggle for independence would continue for another 25 years until Korea actually gained its freedom. Japan, China, and Russia were the main rivals for influence on Korea in the last quarter of the nineteenth century, and after defeating China and Russia in war between 1895 and 1905, Japan became the predominant power on the Korean peninsula. From 1910 through the end of World War II, the Korean peninsula was a Japanese colony. Korea has a recorded of around 5000 years and has been a significant entity throughout the history of East Asia. The day when Korea finally threw off its Japanese rulers is Korean Independence Day. However, Britain did not possess sufficient silver to trade with the Qing Empire. Meanwhile, it was not until the end of World War II that Korea gained its independence after 36 years of oppression under the Japanese. Korea also adopted new philosophies via China: first, Buddhism and later, Confucianism. Thus, a system of barter based on Indian opium was created to bridge this problem of payment. In the final stage of World War II, … Yet Korea was still strongly independent and rejected Chinese domination, both politically and culturally.