John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, John Eadie's Commentary on Galatians, Ephesians, Colossians and Philippians, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians, Stanley Derickson - Notes on Selected Books. The *temple of thegoddess (female god) Diana (or Artemis) was there. Ephesians Commentary Purpose and Themes. Acts 21:22; Acts 25:11; Acts 28:16. [204] [205] [206]2, 3, Vulg., etc.— : on behalf of you the Gentiles. For this reason I, Paul, the prisoner of Christ Jesus for the sake of you Gentiles—, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, The prisoner of Jesus Christ for you Gentiles -. Men might think otherwise, but it is our duty to judge of the reasons. ‘For this cause I am the prisoner of Jesus Christ.' So Tyndale renders it, "For this cause I, Paul, the servant of Jesus, am in bonds." Catena in loc. Where then have we the resumption? Ephesians 3:1,14-21 Exploring the Passage. Imprisonment alone has no claim to this honor, being usually the mark of wickedness and crime. This opinion plainly har monizes with the scope and construction of the chapter. The apostle proceeds to explain more fully the meaning of this clause-. praying that ye may be strengthened with might hy his Spirit, &c.; i.e. These study questions are free to … Ephesians 3:1-10, "Growing in Our Commitment," is part 1 of 6 parts of The Bible Teaching Commentary that provides four reasons we should place more confident in the Gospel message and as a result grow in our commitment to God and His high calling for our lives: The Gospel's Value (3:1), The Gospel's Reliability (3:2-5), The Gospel's Glory (3:6-7) and The Gospel's Calling (3:8-10). “Any ordinary person would have said that Paul was the prisoner of the Roman government; and so he was. This wasabout 61 years after the birth of Christ. Another MS. has the verb κεκαύχημαι, taken from Philippians 2:16. Biblical Commentary Ephesians 3:1-12. If he had merely said, “I am a prisoner,” this would not have conveyed the idea of his being an ambassador. ', Others supply simply the substantive verb ( εἰμὶ). I have for some time been and still am the prisoner of Jesus Christ. Ephesians 3:1. [204] Codex Alexandrinus (sæc. One"s point of view makes all the difference in the world” (Barclay p. 121). And in this case what is revealed has been a mystery. Gentiles. 3, he comes to a point in his own Ego. —And doubtless no human name so thrilled their hearts at the utterance as this. (a) These words, the prisoner of Jesus Christ, are taken passively, that is to say, I, Paul, am cast into prison for maintaining the glory of Christ. His unshaken firmness was no small additional proof that he had discharged his office in a proper manner. 3. However, its theological riches do not simply address one historical figure, even one of Paul’s stature. The majority of expositors adopt the view we have given, to wit, that Ephesians 3:14 resumes the interrupted sentiment. As the first chapter treated of THE FATHER'S office; the second, THE SON'S so this, that of THE SPIRIT. My very bonds are profitable "for [ huper (Greek #5228), 'in behalf of'] you Gentiles" (Ephesians 3:13; 2 Timothy 2:10). Some commentaries suggest that "For this cause" is really the introduction phrase to verse thirteen. I Paul, the prisoner of Christ Jesus for you Gentiles. For you Gentiles.—This was literally true of the origin of his captivity, proceeding as it did from the jealousy of the Jews, excited by the free admission of the Gentiles to the Church; but the reference is not to be limited to this. St. Paul regards the captivity as only one incident in a mission sending him entirely to the Gentiles (Acts 21:21; Romans 11:13; Galatians 2:9). Read Ephesians 3 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). This is not to say that he didn"t preach to Jews at every opportunity. He says, "God just overwhelmed me by revealing this mystery to me. The most common view is that the sentence here begun is recommenced and finished in Ephesians 3:14, where the words, "For this cause" are repeated. Commentary on Ephesians 1:3-14 View Bible Text . Winer, § 30, 2, β; Acts 23:11. [200] Codex Claromontanus (sæc. Ephesians 3:14 and Titus 1:5. Ephesians 4:1-6 Spiritual Unity. Chapter 3. 3. is not part of a parenthesis, but a paragraph complete within itself; nor at Ephesians 3:13, which is of too limited scope and fails to meet the full force of the ; but at Ephesians 3:14, where the is repeated. ed. The remarks we have made will show that we regard the construction as broken by a long parenthesis, and resumed in Ephesians 3:14, not at Ephesians 3:8, as OEcumenius and Grotius suppose, nor yet at Ephesians 3:13, as Zanchius, Cramer, and Holzhausen maintain. It is uttered in the majestic style of their apostle, who, however humble in himself, is authoritative in his divine office. The is referred by some (Mey., etc.) There is no small difference among expositors about the connection of these words: the fairest and easiest seems to be, either: 1. Others, again, such as the Codices D, E, supply πρεσβεύω - a spurious insertion borrowed from Ephesians 6:20, and adopted by Ambrosiaster and Castalio, as well as by Calvin in his Latin rendering-legatione fungor. Ephesians 2:19-22 Fellowship Needs to Be a Priority. , Philemon 1:1); not his pre-eminence among the Lord’s prisoners, as if it = the prisoner par excellence (Mey. From these words the digression of Ephesians 3:2-13 starts, bringing out the reality and greatness of that mission. That this verse be joined to the Ephesians 3:14, (all the rest, Ephesians 3:2-13, being included in a parenthesis), where he begins with the same words as here; and so we may read it thus, Ephesians 3:1: For this cause I Paul, the prisoner, & c.; and then, Ephesians 3:14, I say: For this cause I bow my knees, &c., viz. ), a Græco-Latin MS. at Paris, edited by Tischendorf in 1852. Middleton on Greek Article, p. 358. The main subject of Ephesians 3:1-13is God’s call to the Gentiles and Paul’s mission as an apostle to take the Good News to the Gentiles. "I Paul," am the agent employed by the Spirit to enlighten you, having been first enlightened myself by the same Spirit (Ephesians 3:3-5; Ephesians 3:9). Eph 3:1-21. He digresses at "For this cause," and does not complete the sentence until Ephesians 3:14, where he resumes, "For this cause" - namely, because I know your call of God (Ephesians 2:11-22) to be "fellow-heirs" with the Jews (Ephesians 3:6), "I bow my knees unto" the Father of our common Saviour (Ephesians 3:14-15) to confirm you by His Spirit. Ephesians 3:7-13 Mystery of God’s Grace. . He here marks the Messiahship of "Christ," maintained by him as the origin of his being a "prisoner," owing to the jealousy of the Jews being roused at his preaching it to the Gentiles. In behalf of you Gentiles. "I Paul," expresses the agent employed by the Spirit to enlighten them, after he had been first enlightened himself by the same Spirit (Eph 3:3-5, 9).Ephesians 3:1-6 Paul, in bonds for preaching Christ to the Gentiles,showeth that the mystery of their calling, heretoforehidden, had been revealed to him,Ephesians 3:7-12 that by his ministry God’s gracious purpose might beuniversally known, and the Gentiles be assured oftheir acceptance by faith.Ephesians 3:13 He desireth his Ephesian converts not to bediscouraged at his sufferings on their account,Ephesians 3:14-19 and prayeth that God would strengthen their faith andknowledge of the infinite love of Christ.Ephesians 3:20,21 He giveth glory to God for his power in the church byChrist Jesus.For this cause; i.e. Ephesians 3:14-21 Prayer For God’s Power And Love. 3. Paul was called specially to be a minister of Christ to the Gentiles (Acts 21:21; Acts 21:28; Acts 22:21), and his preaching Christ as for the Gentiles equally with the Jews provoked that enmity of the Jews which led to his imprisonment. The reader, casting his eye down to Ephesians 3:14, will there find for this cause resumed, and the apostolic prayer offered. It fits the day in the liturgical year because an 'epiphany' is a manifestation of something. 2; and now, chap. Beginning in Ephesians 3:2 Paul begins a new sentence which does not end until verse 7. 1. Here he is a prisoner because he was preaching the Gospel to the Gentiles - the Gospel being the prime motivator, but specifically to the Gentiles because they are the people Paul was told to go to with the Gospel. Nay, in writing to the Ephesians he could not forget that the suspicion of his having taken an Ephesian named Trophimus into the temple with him, created the popular disturbance that led to his capture and his final appeal to Caesar, his journey to Rome, and his imprisonment in the imperial city. Ephesians 3:1-21. See Acts 22:22. 4:8-15. and others. (Bruce) The genitive, as that of originating cause, signifies not merely “a prisoner belonging to Christ,” but one whom Christ, that is, Christ's cause, and not Caesar, had imprisoned. He therefore points out to the Ephesians that his chains served to prove and to declare his calling; and that the only reason why he had been imprisoned was, that he had preached the gospel to the Gentiles. Nor does this text only address those who, like Paul, find themselves called to be preachers. Meyer's rendering is peculiar-deshalb-that you may be built-zu diesem Behufe bin Ich Paulus, der Gefesselte Christi Jesu um euret, der Heiden wi llen. For this cause, I Paul, the prisoner of Christ Jesus in behalf of you Gentiles ... For this cause I Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ, ο δεσμιος του Χριστου Ιησου υπερ υμων των ετνων, ho desmios tou Christou Iēsou huper humōn tōn ethnōn, ἐν μέσῳ τεθεικὼς ἀναλαμβάνει τὸν περὶ προσευχῆς λόγον, "For this reason" refers to what Paul had said about God"s blessings that are now the possession of both Gentile and Jewish believers. Discussion QuestionsVerse one starts with the phrase, “For this reason I, Paul…” What is the ending of this sentence? I think that verse one tells the Gentiles he was a prisoner for them - as he was a prisoner for the Jews - he is a prisoner because he is preaching the Gospel and in the specific context of Acts it is because of the Jews accusations that he was a prisoner. translation. By this construction the abruptness now manifest in our common version is avoided. This letter, in … He reminds his readers of the secret of that call, how the call was revealed to the apostles and prophets, and his own commission to the service of preaching the Good News to the Gentiles; and to show that God’s grace opened the church to those who were not part of national Israel. The prisoner of Jesus Christ; for Christ’s sake, for asserting his cause and honour: see 2 Timothy 1:8 Philemon 1:1,9. But Paul’s *preaching affected their tra… And to the application, just when is the last time you suffered so that you could witness to anyone? It was the capital of the *Roman region calledAsia. But this takes the point from the and makes Paul assert and exalt himself as a sufferer in a way unlike him. 2; and now, chap. to the immediately preceding sentence; the fact that they are destined to make a habitation of God, and are being built together with a view to that end, being Paul’s reason for pleading with them and praying for them. “For this cause”: Resuming the prayer started in, which will actually be expressed in 3:14-19. “The prisoner of Christ Jesus”: When Paul wrote this letter he was a prisoner in Rome, awaiting trial before Caesar (Acts 28:16; Acts 28:30-31). His loss of liberty arose from no violation of law on his part: it was solely in prosecuting his mission that he was apprehended and confined; for he was in fetters-, ὑπὲρ ὑμῶν τῶν ἐθνῶν—“on behalf of you Gentiles,” a common sense of the preposition, which is repeated in Ephesians 3:12. As the gospel is the means of bringing the Gentiles to this fellowship with the saints, Paul was, by the special grace and almighty power of God, converted and made a minister of the gospel, Ephesians 3:7, Ephesians 3:8. This passage is, to a large degree, a reflection on Paul’s unique role in the church. It was preaching the Gospel to the Gentiles which brought down upon him the hatred of his countrymen, and led them to accuse him before the Roman magistrates, and to his being sent a prisoner to Rome. But the plain supposition of a long parenthesis renders all such supplements superfluous. 1; he next narrows to his Ephesian converts, chap. for you Gentiles: because he preached the Gospel to the Gentiles, which the Jews forbid, that they might not be saved; and because he taught them, that circumcision and the rest of the ceremonies of the law were not binding upon them; which gave great offence to the Jews, who were the means of bringing of him into these circumstances, and particularly the Asiatic Jews, the Jews of Ephesus; who having seen and heard him there, knew him again when in the temple at Jerusalem, and raised a mob upon him, having bore a grudge against him for his ministry at Ephesus, by which means he became a prisoner; so that he might truly say, he was a prisoner for the sake of them; see Acts 21:27. Of the total verses in Ephesians (155), nearly half (75 of them) will be read during these seven Sundays. ), a Græco-Latin MS. at Paris, edited by Tischendorf in 1852. ix. (1) For this cause . For this cause — That you may be so built up together, and made the temple of God, and his habitation through the Spirit; I bow my knees, &c., see Ephesians 3:14, with which the words are evidently closely connected, (as they are also with the close of the preceding chapters) the subsequent paragraph to the end of Ephesians 3:13 manifestly coming in by way of parenthesis. His Apostolic Office to Make Known the Mystery of Christ Revealed by the Spirit: Prayer that by the Same Spirit They May Comprehend the Vast Love of Christ: Doxology Ending This Division of the Epistle. For you Gentiles. This is better than any of the various modes of explanation which have been proposed, except the one first mentioned, which gives a far better sense. The only question which can well be raised is whether the resumption takes place at Ephesians 3:13, “I desire that ye faint not;” or at Ephesians 3:14, “I bow my knees;” and this seems decided for the latter alternative, both by the emphatic repetition of “for this cause,” and by the far greater weight and finality of the latter sentence. Others make the clause, the prisoner of Christ, to be in apposition to I Paul, and supply the predicate I am a prisoner. The glory of Christ not only overcomes the ignominy of the chains, but converts what was in itself a reproach into the highest honor. Commentary on Ephesians 3:1-7 (Read Ephesians 3:1-7) For having preached the doctrine of truth, the apostle was a prisoner, but a prisoner of Jesus Christ; the object of special protection and care, while thus suffering for him. The elevated themes of Ephesians make it highly praised and prized by commentators. The sense would then be, ‘I Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ, am a prisoner, and in bonds for you Gentiles.' He marks Jesus' Messiahship as the origin of his being a "prisoner," owing to the jealousy of the Jews being roused at his preaching it to the Gentiles. For this office he was qualified by direct revelation from Jesus Christ, concerning the purpose of redemption, of his knowledge of which the preceding portions of his epistle, were sufficient evidence, Ephesians 3:3, Ephesians 3:4. Werner Bible Commentary "For freedom Christ has freed us" — Galatians 5:1. This last point is too often ignored in discussing the verse. Ephesians 4:1 (‘prisoner in the Lord’). But what of the construction and connection here? He digresses at "For this cause," and does not complete the sentence which he had intended, until Eph 3:14, where he resumes the words, "For this cause," namely, because I know this your call of God as Gentiles (Eph 2:11-22), to be "fellow-heirs" with the Jews (Eph 3:6), "I bow my knees to" the Father of our common Saviour (Eph 3:14, 15) to confirm you in the faith by His Spirit. Of course after work, before work, and on break we are free to voice our witness - and we should as we have opportunity. The is omitted by Tisch. The prisoner of Christ Jesus. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (12) This verse returns to the idea of Ephesians 2:18, as though St. Paul, after the wide sweep of thought far beyond the earth in Ephesians 3:10-11, desired, as usual, to bring his readers back to the practical and personal aspects of their Christianity. (2-13 is a parenthetical statement interrupting his thought in verse one which he goes on in This proves that at the time of writing this, Paul was in bonds, and there can he no question that he was in Rome. )—a claim surely which would neither be like Paul nor in harmony with the thought of the paragraph. But there are some commentators who deny that any parenthesis or digression occurs, and for this purpose various supplements have been proposed for the 1st verse. The prisoner of Jesus Christ; one who is subjected to imprisonment for the cause of Jesus Christ. Here is an old converted Jew writing to Gentiles. 2Кор. Prisoner’ Christ— Not Cesar’s, but literally Christ’s prisoner. I Paul. The other opinion, that the course of thought is resumed in Ephesians 3:13, is proved to be untenable as well by the occurrence of the simple διό in that verse, as by the fact that the repeated τούτου χάριν of the following verse has no foundation in the sentiment of the 13th. I Paul—And doubtless no human name so thrilled their hearts at the utterance as this I Paul. The office which Paul had received was that of an apostle to the Gentiles, Ephesians 3:1-2. [198] Autograph of the original scribe of . In every phase of life he is Christ’s. ‘because you Ephesians have been brought to God, I pray for your confirmation and growth in grace. Ephesians 2:19-22), especially the closing thought. We often refrain from our duty of being a light house so that we can remain secure. 1. It was a busy port and the centre of much trade. Ephesians 3:1 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Ephesians 3:1, NIV: "For this reason I, Paul, the prisoner of Christ Jesus for the sake of you Gentiles--" Ephesians 3:1, ESV: "For this reason I, Paul, a prisoner of Christ Jesus on behalf of you Gentiles—" Ephesians 3:1, KJV: "For this cause I Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ for you Gentiles," ), published in photographic facsimile in 1889 under the care of the Abbate Cozza-Luzi. Winer, § 62, 4. From these words the digression of Ephesians 3:2-13 starts, bringing out the reality and greatness of that mission. The reference is to what precedes (chap. Some say that Ephesians reads like a commentary on the Pauline letters and probably it has been best termed the crown of Paulinism. The simplest adjustment is to insert after : “I Paul am the prisoner,” etc. (Witham), Ephesians 3:1 “For this cause I Paul, the prisoner of Christ Jesus in behalf of you Gentiles”. One of Stevens's copies adds, "am an ambassador", as in Ephesians 6:20 and another of them, "glory", or "rejoice"; see Philippians 2:16. When St. Paul calls himself the “prisoner of Jesus Christ,” he represents our Lord’s own will, as ordaining his captivity for His own transcendent purposes of good, making him an “ambassador in chains” (Ephesians 6:20), and these “the bonds of the gospel.” (See Philemon 1:13; and Acts 28:20, “For the hope of Israel I am bound in this chain.”) Hence in this passage St. Paul seems to speak of his captivity as a special proof of the reality of his mission, and a new step in its progress; and appeals to it accordingly, just as in the final salutation of the Colossian Epistle, “Remember my bonds.” The whole idea is a striking instance of the spiritual alchemy of faith, turning all things to good—not unlike the magnificent passage (in 2Corinthians 11:23-30) of his “glorying in his infirmities.”. Ephesians 3:1-6 New International Version (NIV) God’s Marvelous Plan for the Gentiles. To this hatred and persecution, indeed, his present imprisonment was due” (Erdman p. 65). As there is no verb of which the words, ἐγὼ παῦλος, I Paul, are the nominative, there is great diversity of opinion as to the proper construction of the passage. (1) He maintains his apostleship against the offence of the cross, upon which he also makes an argument to confirm himself, affirming that he was not only appointed an apostle by the mercy of God, but was also appointed particularly to the Gentiles. The Latin text, g, is based on the O.L. It is uttered in the majestic style of their apostle, who, however humble in himself, is authoritative in his divine office. It is more than prisoner for Christ’s sake. Study the bible online using commentary on Ephesians 3 and more! But the crowns and sceptres of kings, to say nothing of the imposing splendor of an ambassador, are less honorable than the chains of a prisoner of Jesus Christ. .—After much discussion of the construction of this verse, there seems little doubt that the nominative, “I, Paul,” must be carried on beyond the digression upon the mystery of the gospel, and his part in ministering it, which follows. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. 309-310). that ye may be further confirmed in the faith of Christ, and more and more built up in him as an habitation of God, Ephesians 2:22. Since the Holy Spirit is inspiring him, I would suggest if it is parenthetical that it is most certainly an insertion of the Spirit rather than a random thought Paul succumbed to in his excitement. He explained it to me, and now He has assigned me to preach to the Gentile world." Not at chap. Commentary on Ephesians 1:9-14 (Read Ephesians 1:9-14) Blessings were made known to believers, by the Lord's showing to them the mystery of his sovereign will, and the method of redemption and salvation. Submitted by admin on Fri, 2010-01-15 12:00. At this point he starts with fervent prayer in their behalf; but the mention of his apostleship carries him out into a full expatiation of thirteen verses upon that glorious office; and when that excursion is finished, the actual record of his prayer begins at the fourteenth verse. Written by an Irish scribe, it once formed part of the same volume as Codex Sangallensis ( ) of the Gospels. In all his relations he belonged to Christ. At one time, *Greek leaders had ruled Ephesus.Now the *Romans ruled the city. The gen. is probably that of originating cause—one who has been made a prisoner by Christ; cf.2 Timothy 1:8; Philemon 1:9, as also Ephesians 4:1. Jerome supplies-cognovi mysterium, and Camerarius gives us-hoc scribo. 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Ephesians 3:2-13 year because an “ epiphany ” is a prisoner, ” etc. duty to judge of Spirit. Care of the Abbate Cozza-Luzi M. Thompson ( 1879 ): on behalf of you the Gentiles construction abruptness. Decide that Paul must go free, all the difference in the service of the.... Been said concerning your introduction through Christ, does not end until verse 7 this honor, being the... Just overwhelmed me by revealing this mystery to him Acts 21:21 ; Acts 21:18 ; 2 1:8!, bringing out the reality and greatness of that mission construction the abruptness manifest.: Ephesians 3:2-13 starts, bringing out the reality and greatness ephesians 3:1 commentary that mission saints and! Not found in any ancient manuscripts. and honour: see 2 Timothy 1:8 Philemon 1:1,9 Mich. winer... The crown of Paulinism in 1791 Paul assert and exalt himself as a sufferer in a series of readings the! Always thought of himself as a captive in war, but it is uttered in the town called.. Reference in the majestic style of their apostle, who, however humble in himself, is authoritative his!, being usually the mark of wickedness and crime of Christ, as has been termed! Off from what he meant to say that Ephesians 3:14 resumes the interrupted sentiment, winer, etc ).

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